This new study was conducted by a group of researchers at the University of Colorado at Denver. The authors examined data from the Colorado Adolescent Maternity Program. This program was designed to provide care to 12 to 21-year-old mothers mostly from low income, under-served backgrounds. The authors wanted to explore the prevalence and incidence of parental depression and the effectiveness of an electronic screening reminder system for clinicians. Specifically, during a well baby visit, an electronic cue appeared on the patients electronic record requesting the clinician to administer a postpartum depression screening instrument.
In adults, receiving an apology is associated with forgiveness and feeling less vengeful (see Ohbuchi et al., 1989; see end of post for reference), but less is known about the effects of apologies in children. At the APS convention this past weekend, Craig Smith and Paul Harris from the Harvard Graduate School of Education presented a very clever and informative experimental study on the effects of apologies on childrens emotions and attributions.
Following this line of research, some investigators have examined whether child exposure to specific bonding or attachment styles are also likely to affect how these children act in their own close relationships later on. To answer this question, a research group from Rider University examined the role of the quality of father-daughter bond in the development of positive romantic relationships during young adulthood.
A review of: Luby, J., Belden, A., Sullivan, J., Hayen, R., McCadney, A., Spitznagel, E. (2009). Shame and guilt in preschool depression: evidence for elevations in self-conscious emotions in depression as early as age 3 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02077.x
A review of Morrissey, T. (2009). Multiple Child-Care Arrangements and Young Children’s Behavioral Outcomes Child Development, 80 (1), 59-76 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01246.x
In the latest issue of the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, Dr. James Paulson and colleagues published a large epidemiological study of parental depression 9 and 24 months after the babys birth. They were interested in examining the effect of parental depression on parent-child reading activities and the babys language development. The authors used a large national study of early development, which included 4,109 families with both father and mother living together. The participants completed a depression screening 9 and 24 months after the babys birth, a measure of the babys vocabulary, and a measure of parent-to-child reading behaviors.